ROAD SAFETY COUNTRY PROFILE

Photo: Ishaq Anis/Rumi Consultancy/World Bank

Afghanistan

Afghanistan's Road Safety Country Profile

This road safety country data presents information on all pillars of road safety (management, roads, speed, vehicles, road users, and post-crash care), along with information on the current status for each country and region along with extensive information on key risk factors, issues and opportunities.

THE SCALE OF THE ROAD SAFETY CHALLENGE Ref: 1,2,3,4,5
  • 80%

    Percentage of Road Crash Fatalities and Injuries in the economically productive age groups (15 - 64 years.)

  • 4:1

    Ratio of Male to Female Fatalities with the 15 - 49 year age group being most vulnerable to fatalities.

  • 1,636 life yrs.

    affected due to disability from road crash injuries per 100,000 people.

  • Road crash fatalities and injuries snapshot
    Country Population, 2016: 34,656,032
    Country Reported Fatalities, 2016: 1,565
    WHO Estimated Fatalities, 2016: 5,230
    GBD Estimated Fatalities, 2016: 8,507
    WHO Est. Fatalities per 100,000 Pop., 2016: 15.1
    Estimated Serious Injuries, 2016: 78,450
    Cost of Fatalities and Serious Injuries, 2016: $952 million
    Cost as % of country GDP, 2016: 4.9%
Positioning of Country in Region (Compared to Countries with the Lowest Traffic Fatalities in the Region and Globally)
2016 WHO Estimated Road Fatalities 2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities 2016 WHO Estimated Fatality Rate/100,000 pop. 2016 GBD Estimated Fatality Rate/ 100,000 pop. % Trend in Fatality Rate/100,000 (2013-2016) Motorization Registered Vehicles/100,000 pop.
Afghanistan 5,230 8,507 15.1 26.77 -4.8% 1,891
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
Maldives 4 32 0.9 7.25 -4% 21,737
Pakistan 27,582 52,708 14.3 25.16 -3.1% 9,499
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 4 32 0.9 7.25 -4% 21,737
Micronesia 2 16 1.9 15.66 -0.3% 5,406
Kiribati 5 12 4.4 10.4 -5.2% 3,240
West Bank and Gaza Strip 252 0 5.3 0 -5.4% 5,602
2016 WHO Estimated Road Fatalities
Afghanistan 5,230
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
Maldives 4
Pakistan 27,582
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 4
Micronesia 2
Kiribati 5
West Bank and Gaza Strip 252
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Afghanistan 8,507
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
Maldives 32
Pakistan 52,708
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 32
Micronesia 16
Kiribati 12
West Bank and Gaza Strip 0
2016 WHO Estimated Fatality Rate/100,000 pop.
Afghanistan 15.1
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
Maldives 0.9
Pakistan 14.3
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 0.9
Micronesia 1.9
Kiribati 4.4
West Bank and Gaza Strip 5.3
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Afghanistan 26.77
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
Maldives 7.25
Pakistan 25.16
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 7.25
Micronesia 15.66
Kiribati 10.4
West Bank and Gaza Strip 0
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Afghanistan -4.8%
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
Maldives -4%
Pakistan -3.1%
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives -4%
Micronesia -0.3%
Kiribati -5.2%
West Bank and Gaza Strip -5.4%
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Afghanistan 1,891
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
Maldives 21,737
Pakistan 9,499
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 21,737
Micronesia 5,406
Kiribati 3,240
West Bank and Gaza Strip 5,602
Ⅰ. SAFE SPEEDS Ref: 1,6,7,8
Maximum Speed Limits and Enforcement
90 km/h 90 km/h 90 km/h None
NATIONAL SPEED LIMIT LAW URBAN ROADS RURAL ROADS MOTORWAYS SPEED ENFORCEMENT
Difference with Recommended Safe Systems Speeds + 60 km/h + 20 km/h + 0 km/h Potential Decrease in Fatal Road Crashes from Enforcement of Safe System Speed Limits
52 times lower 4 times lower 1 times lower
90 km/h
NATIONAL SPEED LIMIT LAW URBAN ROADS
Difference with Recommended Safe Systems Speeds + 60 km/h
52 times lower
Ⅱ. ROAD SAFETY MANAGEMENT Ref: 1
To produce positive road safety outcomes, strong management in all aspects of road safety is key. Presence of a funded lead agency to guide the national road safety effort and implement a Safe Systems approach is recommended.
AFGHANISTAN HAS NO ROAD SAFETY LEAD AGENCY, NATIONAL ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY AND ROAD SAFETY TARGETS.
Ⅲ. SAFE ROADS AND ROADSIDES Ref: 1,4
Business Case for Safer Roads
Infrastructure and Speed Management Investment required: $0.55 billion
Annual Investment as a % of GDP (2019-2030): 0.20%
Reduction in fatalities per year: 2,090
Approximate reduction in fatalities and serious injuries (FSI) over 20 years: 460,000
Economic Benefit: $4.25 billion
B/C Ratio: 8
Ⅳ. SAFE VEHICLES Ref: 1,8
  • 655,357

    total registered vehicles as of 2016

  • 10%

    motorized 2/3 wheelers as of 2016

Country Compliance to the UN Vehicle Safety Regulations
Frontal and Side Impact (Reg. 94, 95) No Restrictions Regulation of Import of Used Vehicles
Motorcycle Anti-Lock Braking System (Reg. 78) No Import Age Limit
Pedestrian Protection (Reg. 127) No Taxation Based Limits
Electronic Stability Control (Reg. 140) Yes Import Inspections
Seat Belts and Anchorages (Reg. 16, 14) No Periodic Inspection
Frontal and Side Impact (Reg. 94, 95)
Motorcycle Anti-Lock Braking System (Reg. 78)
Pedestrian Protection (Reg. 127)
Electronic Stability Control (Reg. 140)
Seat Belts and Anchorages (Reg. 16, 14)
No Restrictions Regulation of Import of Used Vehicles
No Import Age Limit
No Taxation Based Limits
Yes Import Inspections
No Periodic Inspection
Ⅴ. SAFE ROAD USERS Ref: 1,8
National Seatbelt, Drink Driving and Helmet Laws (WHO, 2016)
National Seatbelt Law Motorcycle Occupant Age Restriction: Not restricted
Driver Legal Minimum Driving Age: 18 yrs.
Front National Drink Driving Law
Back Is Law BAC Based?
Motorcycle Helmet Law Random Drink Driving Tests
Helmet Standards % of Road Crach Fatalities Involving Alcohol: Unknown
National Seatbelt Law
Driver
Front
Back
Motorcycle Helmet Law
Helmet Standards
Motorcycle Occupant Age Restriction: Not restricted
Legal Minimum Driving Age: 18 yrs.
National Drink Driving Law
Is Law BAC Based?
Random Drink Driving Tests
% of Road Crach Fatalities Involving Alcohol: Unknown
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Limits (g/dl)
    General Population No
    Young Drivers No
    Professional Drivers No
    General Population No
    Young Drivers No
    Professional Drivers No
Ⅵ. POST CRASH CARE Ref: 1,8,9
  • Good post-crash care reduces deaths and reduces disability and suffering for road crash survivors. The emergency medical care system elements and processes need to be effective to attain this objective.

  • National Emergency Care Access Number: National, Multiple Numbers
    Traume Registry System: None
    Country Health Coverage Index - SDG Target 3.8; Target - 100: 34
    Expenditure on Healthcare as % of GDP: 10%
REFERENCES
  1. Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018. World Health Organization;
  2. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). GBD Results Tool. Seattle, WA: IHME, University of Washington, 2015;
  3. Serious injuries have been calculated assuming a ratio of 15:1 (15 serious injuries for every death). This estimation broadly falls in the range of 30:1 in high income countries to 10:1 in low- and middle-income countries as crashes tend to be more fatal in the later context.
  4. Vaccines for Roads, International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP). Available from https://www.vaccinesforroads.org/;
  5. World Bank Databank for Development Indicators;
  6. M.H. Cameron, R. Elvik. 2010. Nilsson's Power Model connecting speed and road trauma;
  7. Austroads. Balance between harm reduction and mobility in setting speed limits;
  8. UNEP-ITC Background Paper on Used Vehicles Globally and Various Media Sources (Wikipedia and vehicle import websites);
  9. 2018 World Health Statistics, WHO.

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