ROAD SAFETY COUNTRY PROFILE

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Libya

Libya's Road Safety Country Profile

This road safety country data presents information on all pillars of road safety (management, roads, speed, vehicles, road users, and post-crash care), along with information on the current status for each country and region – with extensive information on key risk factors, issues and opportunities.

THE SCALE OF THE ROAD SAFETY CHALLENGE Ref: 1,2,3,4,5
  • 83%

    Percentage of Road Crash Fatalities and Injuries in the economically productive age groups (15 - 64 years.)

  • 3:1

    Ratio of Male to Female Fatalities with the 15 - 49 year age group being most vulnerable to fatalities.

  • 1,373 life yrs.

    affected due to disability from road crash injuries per 100,000 people.

  • Road crash fatalities and injuries snapshot
    Country Population, 2016: 6,293,253
    Country Reported Fatalities, 2016: 2,414
    WHO Estimated Fatalities, 2016: 1,645
    GBD Estimated Fatalities, 2016: 1,680
    WHO Est. Fatalities per 100,000 Pop., 2016: 26.1
    Estimated Serious Injuries, 2016: 24,675
    Cost of Fatalities and Serious Injuries, 2016: $2,207 million
    Cost as % of country GDP, 2016: 8.4%
Positioning of Country in Region (Compared to Countries with the Lowest Traffic Fatalities in the Region and Globally)
2016 WHO Estimated Road Fatalities 2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities 2016 WHO Estimated Fatality Rate/100,000 pop. 2016 GBD Estimated Fatality Rate/ 100,000 pop. % Trend in Fatality Rate/100,000 (2013-2016) Motorization Registered Vehicles/100,000 pop.
Libya 1,645 1,680 26.1 24.63 -3.7% 56,465
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
West Bank and Gaza Strip 252 0 5.3 0 -5.4% 5,602
Egypt 9,287 26,925 9.7 28.43 -4.7% 8,792
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 4 32 0.9 7.25 -4% 21,737
Micronesia 2 16 1.9 15.66 -0.3% 5,406
Kiribati 5 12 4.4 10.4 -5.2% 3,240
West Bank and Gaza Strip 252 0 5.3 0 -5.4% 5,602
2016 WHO Estimated Road Fatalities
Libya 1,645
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
West Bank and Gaza Strip 252
Egypt 9,287
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 4
Micronesia 2
Kiribati 5
West Bank and Gaza Strip 252
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Libya 1,680
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
West Bank and Gaza Strip 0
Egypt 26,925
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 32
Micronesia 16
Kiribati 12
West Bank and Gaza Strip 0
2016 WHO Estimated Fatality Rate/100,000 pop.
Libya 26.1
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
West Bank and Gaza Strip 5.3
Egypt 9.7
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 0.9
Micronesia 1.9
Kiribati 4.4
West Bank and Gaza Strip 5.3
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Libya 24.63
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
West Bank and Gaza Strip 0
Egypt 28.43
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 7.25
Micronesia 15.66
Kiribati 10.4
West Bank and Gaza Strip 0
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Libya -3.7%
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
West Bank and Gaza Strip -5.4%
Egypt -4.7%
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives -4%
Micronesia -0.3%
Kiribati -5.2%
West Bank and Gaza Strip -5.4%
2016 GBD Estimated Road Fatalities
Libya 56,465
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES IN REGION
West Bank and Gaza Strip 5,602
Egypt 8,792
BEST PERFORMING COUNTRIES GLOBALLY
Maldives 21,737
Micronesia 5,406
Kiribati 3,240
West Bank and Gaza Strip 5,602
Ⅰ. SAFE SPEEDS Ref: 1,6,7,8
Maximum Speed Limits and Enforcement
50 km/h 85 km/h 100 km/h ManualandAutomated
NATIONAL SPEED LIMIT LAW URBAN ROADS RURAL ROADS MOTORWAYS SPEED ENFORCEMENT
Difference with Recommended Safe Systems Speeds + 20 km/h + 15 km/h + 10 km/h Potential Decrease in Fatal Road Crashes from Enforcement of Safe System Speed Limits
6 times lower 3 times lower 2 times lower
50 km/h
NATIONAL SPEED LIMIT LAW URBAN ROADS
Difference with Recommended Safe Systems Speeds + 20 km/h
6 times lower
Ⅱ. ROAD SAFETY MANAGEMENT Ref: 1
To produce positive road safety outcomes, strong management in all aspects of road safety is key. Presence of a funded lead agency to guide the national road safety effort and implement a Safe Systems approach is recommended.
Libya has a lead agency present, , which isn't funded in the national budget. Libya has a road safety strategy which is also not funded. The functions of the agency include coordination, legislation and monitoring and evaluation of road safety strategies. The country has both a fatal and non-fatal road safety target, to reduce fatalities by 3 - 5 % (renewed every three years) with a timeline of 2016 - 2019.
Ⅲ. SAFE ROADS AND ROADSIDES Ref: 1,4
Business Case for Safer Roads
Infrastructure and Speed Management Investment required: $3.25 billion
Annual Investment as a % of GDP (2019-2030): 0.57%
Reduction in fatalities per year: 1,678
Approximate reduction in fatalities and serious injuries (FSI) over 20 years: 370,000
Economic Benefit: $40.74 billion
B/C Ratio: 13
Ⅳ. SAFE VEHICLES Ref: 1,8
  • 3,553,497

    total registered vehicles as of 2016

  • 0%

    motorized 2/3 wheelers as of 2016

Country Compliance to the UN Vehicle Safety Regulations
Frontal and Side Impact (Reg. 94, 95) Regulated Regulation of Import of Used Vehicles
Motorcycle Anti-Lock Braking System (Reg. 78) 5 Import Age Limit
Pedestrian Protection (Reg. 127) No Taxation Based Limits
Electronic Stability Control (Reg. 140) Yes Import Inspections
Seat Belts and Anchorages (Reg. 16, 14) No Periodic Inspection
Frontal and Side Impact (Reg. 94, 95)
Motorcycle Anti-Lock Braking System (Reg. 78)
Pedestrian Protection (Reg. 127)
Electronic Stability Control (Reg. 140)
Seat Belts and Anchorages (Reg. 16, 14)
Regulated Regulation of Import of Used Vehicles
5 Import Age Limit
No Taxation Based Limits
Yes Import Inspections
No Periodic Inspection
Ⅴ. SAFE ROAD USERS Ref: 1,8
National Seatbelt, Drink Driving and Helmet Laws (WHO, 2016)
National Seatbelt Law Motorcycle Occupant Age Restriction: Not restricted
Driver Legal Minimum Driving Age: 18 yrs.
Front National Drink Driving Law
Back Is Law BAC Based?
Motorcycle Helmet Law Random Drink Driving Tests
Helmet Standards % of Road Crach Fatalities Involving Alcohol: 1.2%
National Seatbelt Law
Driver
Front
Back
Motorcycle Helmet Law
Helmet Standards
Motorcycle Occupant Age Restriction: Not restricted
Legal Minimum Driving Age: 18 yrs.
National Drink Driving Law
Is Law BAC Based?
Random Drink Driving Tests
% of Road Crach Fatalities Involving Alcohol: 12
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Limits (g/dl)
    General Population No
    Young Drivers No
    Professional Drivers No
    General Population No
    Young Drivers No
    Professional Drivers No
Ⅵ. POST CRASH CARE Ref: 1,8,9
  • Good post-crash care reduces deaths and reduces disability and suffering for road crash survivors. The emergency medical care system elements and processes need to be effective to attain this objective.

  • National Emergency Care Access Number: National, Single Number
    Traume Registry System: National
    Country Health Coverage Index - SDG Target 3.8; Target - 100: 63
    Expenditure on Healthcare as % of GDP: %
REFERENCES
  1. Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018. World Health Organization;
  2. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). GBD Results Tool. Seattle, WA: IHME, University of Washington, 2015;
  3. Serious injuries have been calculated assuming a ratio of 15:1 (15 serious injuries for every death). This estimation broadly falls in the range of 30:1 in high income countries to 10:1 in low- and middle-income countries as crashes tend to be more fatal in the later context.
  4. Vaccines for Roads, International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP). Available from https://www.vaccinesforroads.org/;
  5. World Bank Databank for Development Indicators;
  6. M.H. Cameron, R. Elvik. 2010. Nilsson's Power Model connecting speed and road trauma;
  7. Austroads. Balance between harm reduction and mobility in setting speed limits;
  8. UNEP-ITC Background Paper on Used Vehicles Globally and Various Media Sources (Wikipedia and vehicle import websites);
  9. 2018 World Health Statistics, WHO.

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